The Long 7-Year Wait is Over. The FED Decides Today!

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Fed decides not moving is best

Ending its two-day policy meeting, the US Fed has refrained from hiking interest rates. It indicated that there were too many imponderables right now, prompting it to postpone a rate increase for the time being.

Officials of the Federal Open Market Committee were seen reversing course on earlier plans for a mid-year increase in the central bank’s key short-term interest rate, now pegged at 0.25-0.50 percent.

Ending its policy meeting on Wednesday, the Federal Reserve decided to wait and see what happens when Britain votes in a referendum on EU membership on June 23.

The Fed also appeared to be influenced by a strikingly bad May report on US employment, with the number of jobs created the lowest in nearly six years. And Fed chief Janet Yellen had made it clear she remained frustrated with inflation still being weak in the world’s largest economy.

Reading between the lines

As an added irritation, the Fed earlier on Wednesday reported a 0.4-percent drop in US industrial output in May month-on-month, with production down 1.4 percent year-on-year.

Many economists now expect the Federal Reserve will not move before September unless there’s a significant job-growth rebound. The Fed itself indicated there may be two hikes later this year.

At the same time, it predicted a path of about three rate increases per year, starting in 2020.

Also on Wednesday, the central bank cut its growth outlook for 2020 and 2020, seeing the US economy expanding by 2 percent and thus no longer above the long-term trend.

hg/jd (AP, Reuters)

DW recommends

Brexit vote casts shadow over Fed rate move

The referendum in Britain is set to influence a meeting of the US central bank and the possibility of the US Fed increasing interest rates further amid robust growth and job creation in the world’s strongest economy. (15.06.2020)

  • Date 15.06.2020
  • Related SubjectsUS Federal Reserve, Brexit
  • KeywordsFed, Federal Reserve, US central bank, rate hike, Brexit
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In the US coronavirus crisis, the buck stops here 13.03.2020

The US central bank has quarantined large numbers of dollars it repatriates from Asia. It will give them a wash before releasing them into the financial system because they are found to be contaminated with the virus.

US Federal Reserve lowers interest rate for first time in over a decade 31.07.2020

The US central bank cut interest rates for the first time since 2008, citing concerns about the global economy. The move comes amid economic uncertainties amid President Donald Trump’s trade wars and Brexit.

US Federal Reserve hikes rates one more time in 2020 19.12.2020

Federal Reserve policymakers have raised the key interest rate one more time, thus drawing the ire of the US president. He had insisted a renewed rate hike would be bad, considering global economic uncertainties.

Кто знает английский, пожалуйста помогите сделать эти упражнения. Очень нужно, пожалуйста помогите


Проверено экспертом

1. The new road has been under construction for a long time now.
2. The horse had been in training (for the race) for over a year.
3. The issue has been under discussion in Parliament.
4. The criminal had been under observation for the past two weeks.
5. This plane has been in use for over 25 years now.
6. The Cyborg D423 robot has been in development for over ten years.

1. It is said that Bali is a beautiful island.
2. It is thought that life won’t be found on Mars.
3. Christmas is (generally) said to be too commercialised.
4. It is (often) argued that prison doesn’t work.
5. It has been suggested that the school should start to produce a magazine.
6. Crocodile is said to taste like squid.
7. The Vikings are said to have discovered America before Columbus.
8. Heart disease is thought to be caused by eating the wrong things.

The European Diet

1. was
2. was
3. by
4. are
5. were
6. were
7. been
8. had
9. was
10. was
11. had
12. got
13. were

Текст книги “Английский язык. Экспресс-репетитор для подготовки к ЕГЭ. Грамматика и лексика”

Представленный фрагмент произведения размещен по согласованию с распространителем легального контента ООО “ЛитРес” (не более 20% исходного текста). Если вы считаете, что размещение материала нарушает чьи-либо права, то сообщите нам об этом.

Оплатили, но не знаете что делать дальше?

Автор книги: Елена Музланова

Жанр: Учебная литература, Детские книги

Текущая страница: 3 (всего у книги 12 страниц) [доступный отрывок для чтения: 8 страниц]

1. ‘When he (get) up every day?’ ‘He (get) up at 8 o’clock.’

2. They (not drink) coffee now. I (think) they (watch) TV.

3. When he (return) to London next week, he (call) us.

4. Our friends always (go) to the country for the weekend.

5. Look! The kitten (play) with its tail.

6. What your brother usually (drink) in the evening?

7. We (have) an English lesson now.

8. ‘Listen! Who (speak) in the next room?’ ‘I (listen) very attentively, but I (hear) nothing.’

9. If it (not rain) tomorrow, we (not stay) at home.

10. Don’t go out: it (rain) heavily. You (get) wet through if you (not take) an umbrella.

11. ‘Have you done your homework?’ ‘Yes, I have. And now I (want) to watch TV.’

12. I (have) no time now, I (have) dinner.

13. ‘Where your sister (be) now?’ ‘She (do) her homework in the next room.’

14. Why she (come) home so late tomorrow?

15. What you (do) now? I (see) that you (not sleep).

16. Before he (start) for London tomorrow, he (visit) our office.

17. Nick (know) English rather well now.

18. When your lessons usually (begin) on Monday?

19. Tomorrow he (go) to the library after he (finish) his homework.

20. ‘Where you (be) tomorrow?’ ‘I (be) at home.’

Past Simple/Present Perfect

Test 13. Past Simple or Present Perfect?

1. Tom (didn’t meet/hasn’t met) his sister since he was а child.

2. Olga (lived/has lived) in England last year.

3. I (lost/have lost) my key. I can’t find it anywhere.

4. Look! Somebody (broke/has broken) my pen.

5. How many plays (did Shakespeare write/has Shakespeare written)?

6. Do you know about Jane? She (gave up/has given up) smoking.

7. I’m looking for Mike. (Did you see/Have you seen) him?

8. Your car looks great. (Did you wash/Have you washed) it?

9. Mr. Clark (worked/has worked) in а bank for 15 years. Then he gave it up.

10. I don’t know this young woman. We (never met/have never met) before.

11. When (did you write/have you written) this poem?

12. Chaikovsky (was/has been) а great Russian composer.

13. Mary isn’t at home. She (went/has gone) shopping.

14. (Did you see/Have you seen) this film? It’s fantastic!

15. Oh! I (cut/have cut) my finger. It’s bleeding.

16. Where (were you/have you been) born?

17. My parents (got/have got) married in а small village.

18. Agatha Christie (wrote/has written) 68 novels, 17 plays and more than а hundred stories.

19. I’m very hungry! I (didn’t eat/haven’t eaten) anything today.

20. When sending the telegram she (forgot/has forgotten) to write her name.

Test 14. Past Simple or Present Perfect?

1. It (not snow) this week.

2. You (see) the news on television last night?

3. Mike (leave) school in 1999.

4. I don’t know where my brother is. You (see) him?

5. ‘Where is your key?’ ‘I don’t know. I (lose) it.’

6. We (visit) the local museum the other day.

7. Ann is on holiday. She (go) to France.

8. When the last train (leave)?

9. ‘Would you like something to eat?’ ‘No, thanks. I just (have) lunch.’

10. The weather (be) good when you (be) on holiday?

11. We (not see) each other for а long time.

12. It’s the most interesting book I ever (read).

13. He (drink) too much coffee today.

14. What you (do) at the weekend?

15. John is hungry. He (not eat) anything since breakfast.

16. She (not go) to the library three days ago.

17. How long you (know) Bill?

18. Olga always (want) to visit Great Britain.

19. You (hear) from Jack recently?

20. Mark Twain (live) in the state of Missouri.

Test 15. Past Simple or Present Perfect?

1. ‘He ever (be) to London?’ ‘Yes. he _______. Several times.’

2. ‘What’s the news?’ ‘We (win) the tennis competition.’

3. ‘When you (speak) to him?’ ‘We (meet) yesterday.’

4. He (not call) me this month.

5. How long you (be) ill?

6. We (see) an interesting film the other day.

7. I (know) them for 2 years.

8. You (be) happy when you (be) a child?

9. I always (travel) by plane.

10. Where is Tom? You (see) him?

11. It’s the most interesting film I ever (see).

12. The construction (start) in April.

13. She (not call) me since she (arrive) in Moscow.

14. They (not go) to the cinema last week.

15. We (have) too many tests today.

16. What you (do) last Sunday?

17. William Shakespeare (write) a lot of plays.

18. I (lose) my exercise-book. I can’t find it anywhere.

19. You (go) to the cinema yesterday?

20. You (meet) Ann lately?

Test 16. Complete the text. Put the verbs in brackets into the Present Perfect or Past Simple tense.

I (1)(go) to New York for the first time three years ago.

I (2)(meet) an American girl of my age called Laura. She (3)(be) very friendly.

‘You (4)(be) to New York before?’ she asked me.

‘No, I ______(5),’ I said, and so Laura offered to help me.

‘You (6)(see) the Statue of Liberty yet?’

‘Yes, I (7)(see) it yesterday.’

‘OK. What about the Empire State Building?’

‘Yes, I just (8)(climb) to the top of it. It (9)(be) wonderful!’

‘What else you (10)(visit) in New York?’

‘Nothing really. I’d like to go shopping but I (11)(not find) any good shops yet.

‘Well, let’s go to Macy’s. It’s the best shop in New York. So, we (12)(take) the underground to Macy’s and I (13)(spend) a fortune! I (14)(leave) New York two weeks later after a terrific holiday. I (15)(enjoy) it very much.

Past Simple/Past Continuous/Past Perfect

Test 17. Past Simple or Past Continuous?

1. While I (listened/was listening) to the radio, the telephone (rang/was ringing).

2. He (broke/was breaking) his leg when he (skied/was skiing) in the Alps.

3. They (listened/were listening) to the orchestra when the pianist (became/was becoming) ill.

4. Ann (played/was playing) the piano while Tom (painted/was painting) а picture.

5. We (saw/were seeing) an accident while we (waited/ were waiting) for the bus.

6. She (worked/was working) quietly at her desk when suddenly the door (opened/was opening) and her daughter (ran/was running) in.

7. While she (prepared/was preparing) lunch, she (cut/was cutting) her finger.

8. We (met/were meeting) while we (lived/were living) in Italy.

9. Which countries (did they visit/were they visiting) while they (travelled/were travelling) round the world?

10. (Did you work/Were you working) in the garden when I (came/was coming) home?

11. А strange man (walked/was walking) into the room. He (wore/was wearing) red trousers and а pink shirt.

12. (Didn’t you meet/Weren’t you meeting) your wife while you (worked/were working) in France?

13. I (saw/was seeing) you in the park yesterday. You (sat/ were sitting) on а bench.

14. They (lived/were living) in Canada when they (met/ were meeting) each other.

15. While I (listened/was listening) to music, my brother (did/was doing) his homework.

16. What (did you write/were you writing) when your computer (crashed/was crashing)?

17. As he (passed/was passing) the bank, а man in а mask (knocked/was knocking) him onto the ground.

18. Why (didn’t they visit/weren’t they visiting) me while they (stayed/were staying) in London?

19. Jack (drove/was driving) home from work when he (saw/was seeing) the accident.

20. Tom (arrived/was arriving) while the children (had/ were having) their bath.

Test 18. Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Continuous or the Past Simple Tense.

1. ‘What you (do) when the phone (ring)?’ ‘I (watch) television.’

2. ‘Was Jane busy when you came to see her?’ ‘Yes, she (study).’

3. ‘What time Tom (come) yesterday?’ ‘He (come) while I (have) breakfast.’

4. ‘Was Mary at school last week?’ ‘No, she (not go) to school. She was ill.’

5. ‘How fast you (drive) when the police (stop) you?’ ‘I don’t know exactly but I (not drive) very fast.’

6. ‘Your team (win) the football match yesterday?’ ‘No, the weather was very bad, so we (not play).’

7. ‘How you (break) the window?’ ‘We (play) football and the ball (hit) the window.’

8. ‘You (see) Jenny last night?’ ‘Yes, she (wear) a very nice jacket.’

9. ‘What you (do) at 10 o’clock on Sunday?’ ‘I still (sleep).’

10. ‘I (lose) my key last night.’ ‘How you (get) into your room then?’

Test 19. Past Simple or Past Continuous?

Yesterday I (1)(get) up at 7 а.m. That morning, I (2)(walk) to work. I (3)(not want) to go by bus because the sun (4)(shine) brightly and the birds (5)(sing) merrily. While I (6)(walk) past the supermarket, I (7)(see) something strange. А man (8)(pass) me and he (9)(sing) а football song very loudly, on his own! He (10)(continue) for а few minutes. Then he (11)(meet) а friend and (12)(stop) singing. I (13)(turn) round the corner and (14)(see) а friend of mine. He (15)(stand) at а bus stop and (16)(wait) for а bus. He (17)(tell) me that we (18)(be) late. At that moment а bus (19)(come) and we (20)(get) on.

Test 20. Past Simple or Past Perfect?

1. I (enjoyed/had enjoyed) the film even though I (saw/ had seen) it before.

2. I got up late that morning so when I (arrived/had arrived) at the station, the train (already left/had already left).

3. I couldn’t speak to them because when I (phoned/had phoned), they (went/had gone) out already.

4. We realized that we (met/had met) before as soon as we (saw/had seen) each other.

5. They (lived/had lived) in their house for twenty years when they (decided/had decided) to sell it.

6. My sister (bought/had bought) me а novel but I (already read/had already read) it.

7. As soon as I heard his voice, I (knew/had known) we (met/had met) before.

8. When I (opened/had opened) the door, the lesson (already began/had already begun).

9. She (painted/had painted) the wall before the children (came/had come) home.

10. The pupils (didn’t finish/hadn’t finished) the test when the bell (rang/had rung).

11. I (met/had met) Ann а week ago. She (just returned/ had just returned) from а business trip.

12. As soon as I (heard/had heard) а cry, I (ran/had run) out of the room.

13. I (tried/had tried) to phone John in the morning, but he (already left/had already left).

14. The children (didn’t clean/hadn’t cleaned) the room before their parents (came/had come) home.

15. I (finished/had finished) writing the project at 6 o’clock yesterday.

16. I (wrote/had written) the composition by 6 o’clock yesterday.

17. The teacher (understood/had understood) that the pupils (didn’t do/hadn’t done) their homework.

18. When my brother (returned/had returned) home, we (went/had gone) for а walk together.

19. He (told/had told) me that he (never played/had never played) football before.

20. She (was/had been) а nurse before she (became/had become) а doctor.

Test 21. Past Simple, Past Continuous or Past Perfect? Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

Yesterday Ann (1)(see) a strange man leaving the house. She (2)(notice) that he (3)(wear) a raincoat, and she (4)(wonder) why because it (5)(be) hot and sunny. The man (6)(not see) her. He (7)(begin) to walk away but he (8)(stop) suddenly and (9)(get) into a blue car that (10)(be) parked near the corner. Ann (11)(notice) a large bag by the wall. She was frightened as she (12)(watch) a programme about bombs the night before. So she (13)(decide) to phone the police. By the time they (14)(arrive), the man (15)(go).

Future Simple/Future Continuous/Future Perfect

Test 22. Choose the correct form of the verb.

1. Please don’t call me this afternoon. I _______ some important work.

а) will do b) will be doing с) will have done

2. He will come round tomorrow if he _______ time.

а) will have b) have с) has

3. By the time we get to London we _______ over two hundred miles.

а) will drive b) drive с) will have driven

4. He _______ back to Moscow on the 15th of December.

а) will come b) come с) will have come

5. If they start school at four, most children _______ to read and write by the age of six.

а) will have learnt b) will be learning с) will learn

6. By the end of this century scientists _______ factories in space.

а) will be building b) will have built с) build

7. I think I’ll stay here until it _______ raining.

а) stops b) doesn’t stop с) will stop

8. When you arrive at their place, they won’t be ready. They _______ the meal.

а) will still cook b) will be still cooking с) will have still cooked

9. If he _______, I will let you know.

а) will come b) will have come с) comes

10. By 2020, he _______ here for twenty years.

а) will have worked b) will be working с) works

11. ‘Have you decided how to spend the prize money?’ ‘Well, I think we _______ а new car.’

а) buy b) will buy с) will have bought

12. This time tomorrow they _______ а film.

а) will watch b) will be watching с) will have watched

13. He _______ at 7 o’clock tomorrow.

a) will get up b) will be getting up c) will have got up

14. At 10 o’clock tomorrow, she _______ in her office.

a) will work b) will be working c) will have worked

15. We’re late. The film _______ by the time we get to the cinema.

a) already starts b) will already start c) will have already started

16. If we take a taxi, we _______ to the theatre in time.

a) come b) will come c) will be coming

17. This time next week I _______ in the sea.

a) will be swimming b) will have swum c) swim

18. Let’s wait for Jane to come back and then we _______ dinner.

a) have b) will have c) will have had

19. Phone me after 8 o’clock. We _______ dinner by then.

a) will have b) have c) will have had

20. We won’t start until everyone _______.

a) will arrive b) arrives c) will have arrived

Test 23. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form (present or future).

When you (1)(take) a holiday with the Big Bus Company, you (2)(have) the time of your life. As soon as you (3)(arrive), you (4)(feel) as if you (5)(be) in a different world. While you (6)(stay) with us, we (7)(do) our best to ensure that your holiday (8)(run) smoothly and you (9)(not get) bored. The Big Bus Company (10)(have) something to offer for all ages and tastes. If you (11)(want) to play golf, ride or fish, our staff (12)(be) happy to make the necessary arrangements, or if you simply (13)(want) to relax and enjoy the breathtaking scenery we (14)(be) delighted to organise some guided walks. Before your holiday is over, you (15)(already/plan) your next visit.


Test 24. Mixed tenses: write the verbs in brackets in the correct form.

1. He (spend) last summer in the country.

2. What your brother (do) now?

3. He (not write) а composition by next Monday.

4. My sister (wash) the dishes every morning.

5. You (go) to the south next summer?

6. When I (ring) Mike up yesterday, he still (learn) а poem.

7. If you (not help) me, I (not do) this work by 5 o’clock tomorrow.

8. Yesterday he (go) for а walk only when he (do) his homework.

9. I (not go) to the cinema tomorrow, I (watch) TV the whole evening.

10. When I came to the station, the train already (leave).

11. We (not grow) tomatoes next summer.

12. You ever (be) to Piccadilly Circus?

13. What you (buy) at the shop yesterday?

14. If it (not rain) tomorrow, we (not stay) at home.

15. When he (come) tomorrow, I still (do) my homework.

16. Look! My friends (play) football.

17. He (not read) Turgenev since he was а pupil.

18. You (write) this letter by the time she (come) tomorrow?

19. ‘Lena usually (do) her homework at school?’ ‘No, she _______.’

20. What you (do) at 6 o’clock yesterday?

Test 25. Mixed tenses: write the verbs in brackets in the correct form.

1. I (not play) chess tomorrow.

2. He ever (be) to London?

3. Where you (go) now?

4. We (travel) around Europe last year.

5. If he (not see) her tomorrow, he (leave) her а note.

6. She usually (read) in the evening.

7. What you (do) at 6 o’clock tomorrow?

8. Yesterday I (find) the book which I (lose) in summer.

9. What your brother (do) every day?

10. When he (arrive) tomorrow, I still (sleep).

11. Listen! Somebody (play) the piano in the next room.

12. Where you (go) last summer?

13. He (not meet) Peter since they were pupils.

14. How many pages you (read) by 5 o’clock tomorrow?

15. When I left home, the snow already (stop).

16. What Nick (do) when you (ring) him up yesterday?

17. If he (not help) me, I (not write) а composition by next Monday.

18. I (not go) to the cinema yesterday, I (watch) TV the whole evening.

19. He (not do) his homework yet.

20. What you (buy) at the shop tomorrow?

Test 26. Mixed tenses. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form.

А funny thing happened to me the other day. I (1)(be) in а hurry to get to work and I found that my car wasn’t working. I (2)(have) to rush out of the house to catch the bus. While I (3)(walk) along the street, I (4)(notice) а woman of about my age on the opposite side of the road. I looked at her again and I (5)(realize) that we (6)(meet) before. She arrived at the bus stop а couple of seconds after me. ‘She must be catching the bus, too,’ I thought. We (7)(just miss) the previous bus and we had fifteen minutes to wait before the next one. I looked at the woman behind me again and I was sure that I (8)(know) her.

‘Excuse me, have we met before? I’m sure that I (9)(recognize) you,’ I said. She looked а bit surprised, but she (10)(tell) me that her name was Angela Barker.

‘You (11)(study) history at Liverpool University from 1985 to 1988!’ I shouted.

‘That’s right!” she replied, ‘And you’re Claire….?’

‘Lewis. Well, my name was Lewis but I (12)(be) married now. What you (13)(do) nowadays?’ I asked.

‘Well, I (14)(work) in the Central Museum in town and I (15)(live) in this area, in George Street, for about three years,’ she replied.

‘You’re joking! I (16) (not believe) you. I live round the corner from there. We (17)(be) neighbours for three years and we (18)(never see) each other!’ I said.

‘I know, it’s incredible!’ she (19)(agree), ‘And I’m glad that you spoke to me because I wondered why you (20)(look) at me all the time!’

Perfect Simple/Perfect Continuous

Test 27. Present Perfect Simple or Continuous? Choose the correct verb form.

1. John is reading a book now. He has (read/been reading) it for two hours. He has (read/been reading) 53 pages so far.

2. Ann’s clothes are covered in paint. She has (painted/ been painting) the ceiling. She has not finished it yet.

3. Jane is still doing her homework. She has (done/been doing) it all day long.

4. Have you ever (played/been playing) tennis?

5. Look! Somebody has (broken/been breaking) that window!

6. ‘Sorry I’m late.’ ‘That’s all right. I have not (waited/ been waiting) long.’

7. ‘Is it still raining?’ ‘No, it has (stopped/been stopping) raining.’

8. I have (lost/been losing) my address book. Have you (seen/been seeing) it anywhere?

9. My hands are very dirty. I have (repaired/been repairing) the car for two hours.

10. Mary has (written/been writing) ten letters today.

11. Have you (seen/been seeing) my bag anywhere? I have (looked/been looking) for it for ages.

12. How long have you (written/been writing) this composition?

13. They have (played/been playing) chess since 2 o’clock.

14. I have (known/been knowing) about it for a long time.

15. John has always (lived/been living) in London.

16. I haven’t (seen/been seeing) Tom since Monday.

17. Where have you been? Have you (played/been playing) football?

18. You have (driven/been driving) all day. Let me drive now.

19. Where is Tom? I haven’t (seen/been seeing) him today.

20. The British have (drunk/been drinking) tea since 1650.

Test 28. Present Perfect Simple or Continuous? Choose the correct verb form.

1. I have (broken/been breaking) your pen. I am very sorry.

2. ‘What’s the matter?’ ‘I have (read/been reading) in my room for hours, and I have got a headache.’

3. I am very tired! I have (worked/been working) all day, but I have not (finished/been finishing) yet.

4. I have (smoked/been smoking) since I was sixteen.

5. I have (smoked/been smoking) too many cigarettes today.

6. ‘Why are you out of breath?’ ‘I have (run/been running).’

7. I have (lost/been loosing) my note-book. Have you (seen/been seeing) it anywhere?

8. Someone has (eaten/been eating) my sweets. They are nearly all gone.

9. I have (waited/been waiting) for you for ages! Where

10. How many exercises have you (done/been doing) today?

11. This is the best book I have ever (read/been reading).

12. How long have you (known/been knowing) Jane?

13. How long have you (learnt/been learning) to drive?

14. I don’t know what Tom and Jack are doing. They have (argued/been arguing) all day.

15. You are so dirty! What have you (done/been doing)?

16. I have (painted/been painting) the living room for a week. It’ll be finished soon.

17. I have (painted/been painting) the living room. I finished it last night.

18. ‘Why is your hair wet?’ ‘ I have (swum/been swimming).’

19. I have (shopped/been shopping) all morning, but I have not (bought/been buying) anything.

20. The streets are all wet. It has (rained/been raining) all day long.

Test 29. Put the verbs in brackets into either the Past Simple, Present Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Continuous.

Ever since the day I (1)(decide) to move to London, I (2)(worry) whether the decision I (3)(take) was the right one. As I (4)(already sell) my house and (5)(arrange) а new job, it is too late to change my mind. However, since then I (6)(hear) а lot of negative things about living in the capital, and lately some of them (7)(begin) to bother me.

I (8)(grow up) in а fairly small town and I (9)(spend) all of my life there. I (10)(always want) to live in а big city and so when my company (11)(offer) me а job in their London office, I (12)(grab) at the chance. But according to а programme I (13)(just hear) on the radio, more and more реор1е (14)(stop) working in London recently, and а lot of large companies (15)(choose) to move away from the centre. Of course I (16)(tell) my parents that I’m moving and they (17)(accept) my decision, but when I (18)(tell) my friends they (19)(seem) rather shocked. Since then I (20)(hope) secretly that the company would tell me that the move was off!

Test 30. Past Perfect Simple or Continuous? Choose the correct verb form.

1. I knew the facts of the case because I had (read/been reading) the report.

2. My eyes ached because I had (read/been reading) for three hours.

3. The children were dirty. They had (played/been playing) in the garden, and they were covered in mud.

4. I was very nervous at the beginning of the match. I had never (played/been playing) before.

5. Donald was very angry. He had (worked/been working) in the kitchen all morning, and no one had offered to help him.

6. The roads were wet because it had (rained/been raining) all night.

7. He was broke. He had (spent/been spending) all his money.

8. His hands were covered in oil because he had (tried/ been trying) to fix the car all morning. Unfortunately, he had not (managed/been managing) to make it start.

9. I got to the meeting very late and everyone was waiting for me to start; the chairman told me they had (waited/ been waiting) for a whole hour.

10. When I arrived at the party, Mary had already (left/ been leaving).

11. We were good friends. We had (known/been knowing) each other for a long time.

12. They had (climbed/been climbing) for five hours before they reached the top of the mountain.

13. I had (felt/been feeling) sleepy all day so I went to bed early.

14. Ken gave up smoking two years ago. He had (smoked/ been smoking) for 30 years.

15. Ann had just (got/been getting) home when I phoned.

16. We were extremely tired at the end of the journey. We had (travelled/been travelling) for more than 24 hours.

17. I was sad when I sold my car. I had (had/been having) it for a very long time.

18. Mary was sitting on the ground. She was out of breath. She had (run/been running).

19. In the evening I was very tired because I had (cleaned/ been cleaning) my house since morning.

20. The house was dirty. They had not (cleaned/been cleaning) it for weeks.

Test 31. Future Perfect Simple or Continuous? Choose the correct verb form.

1. We are late. The film will already have (started/been starting) by the time we get to the cinema.

2. We will have (flied/been flying) non-stop for seven hours before we get to New York.

3. By the end of this year he will have (acted/been acting) for thirty years.

4. Next year John and Ann will have (been/been being) married for 25 years.

5. Mr. Jacobs will have (worked/been working) on this project for 3 years next month.

6. Yes, I make jam every week. I’ll have (made/been making) about 200 kilos by the end of the summer.

7. Ann always leaves for work at 8.30 in the morning. So she won’t be at home at 9 o’clock. She will have (gone/ been going) to work.

8. I hope they will have (repaired/been repairing) this road by the time we come back next summer.

9. His telephone is out of order. He is still repairing it. Tomorrow he will have (repaired/been repairing) his telephone for a week.

10. He spends all his time planting trees. He says that by the end of next year he will have (planted/been planting) 2,000.

11. We’d better wait till 14 December. David will have (had/been having) his exam by then, so he’ll be able to join us. 12. I am expecting an important letter and I think it will have (arrived/been arriving) by Thursday.

13. Jane will have (learnt/been learning) English for 5 years this summer.

14. By the end of the month he will have (climbed/been climbing) mountains for twenty years.

15. By the end of the month he will have (climbed/been climbing) 50 mountains.

16. Today is Tuesday. Rosie says she will have (finished/ been finishing) her composition by Saturday.

17. When Frank comes home, his mother will have already (cooked/been cooking) dinner.

18. By 6 o’clock Ted will have (played/been playing) football for 5 hours!

19. Wake me up by 9 o’clock! I’ll have (slept/been sleeping) long enough by then.

20. At the end of this term I will have (taught/been teaching) for six years.

Simple/Continuous/Perfect/Perfect Continuous

Test 32. Sequence of Tenses: choose the correct verb form.

1. The teacher asked who (is/was) present that day.

2. He realized that they (lost/had lost) their way.

3. She says she (will come/would come) in time.

4. He says he (has/had) a good camera now.

5. John said he (will leave/would leave) soon.

6. Ann said that she (is going/was going) to learn to drive.

7. He explained that he (stayed/had stayed) at home the day before.

8. My friend says he (has just returned/had just returned) from London.

9. He said that he (lived/had lived) in Moscow the year before.

10. I think the weather (will be/would be) fine next week.

11. He said he (was born/had been born) in 1955.

12. Bill asked if she (came/would come) the next day.

13. She said that she (can’t/couldn’t) come to the party.

14. I knew that he (is/was) a very clever man.

15. He said that they (were/had been) friends at school some years before.

16. I asked my sister what she (has bought/had bought) for my birthday.

17. He said he (is staying/was staying) at the ‘Rossiya’ hotel then.

18. I am sure you (must/had to) go to the meeting tomorrow.

19. The teacher promised that the pupils (read/would read) the text the next day.

20. I don’t know whether he (will come/would come) or not.

Test 33. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.

1. ‘What you (do)?’ ‘I (read). I (read) for already two hours. I already (read) 100 pages.’

2. When I (leave) home yesterday, the snow already (stop), but a strong wind (blow).

3. How long you (wait) for me? I am really very sorry.

4. He said he (work) for a long time without achieving good results.

5. If he (ring) me up tomorrow, I (tell) him all about it.

6. ‘You ever (be) to the new stadium?’ ‘Yes, I (be) there last Saturday.’

7. At last the reply from my grandmother came, and my mother (tell) me she (come) soon.

8. He (help) his mother every day?

9. At this time tomorrow we (discuss) your report.

10. What you (do) when I came in?

11. He (teach) at school for five years when the war broke out.

12. Hi! What you (do) here since morning?

13. By the end of this year he (read) about two hundred pages.

14. When you (see) him last?

15. Don’t ring me up at 11 o’clock, I (sleep).

16. ‘You (find) your note-book?’ ‘No! I still (look) for it. I already (look) for it for two hours, but (not yet find) it.’

17. They (sail) down the river for many hours before they come to the village.

18. At last the librarian gave me the book which I (wait) for during two months.

19. He (write) the composition for three hours and he said he (finish) it soon.

20. On entering the drawing-room he (find) that his two friends (get) up and (wait) for him.

Test 34. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.

1. Yesterday by 8 o’clock he (finish) all his work, and when I (come) at 9, he (read).

2. ‘When he usually (get up)?’ ‘He (get) up at seven o’clock.’

3. Come along, Henry, what you (do) now? I (wait) for you since morning.

4. The students (not write) a test tomorrow at 3 o’clock, as they already (write) it by then.

5. ‘What you (do) now?’ ‘I (prepare) for my report.’ ‘How long you (prepare) for it?’ ‘For two hours already.’

6. Yesterday he (wait) for half an hour when at last he (see) her at the end of the platform.

7. The teacher said that the pupils (read) the text the next day.

8. When I (come) home yesterday, my sister already (return) and (sit) at the fireplace looking through some magazines.

9. When he (come) to her place tomorrow, she still (pack) her suitcases.

10. This man is a writer. He (write) books. He (write) books since he was a young man. He already (write) eight books.

11. He (wait) for you for two hours already and said he (ring) you up later.

12. By the end of next month we (translate) ten articles.

13. ‘You ever (spend) your holidays in the Crimea?’ ‘Yes, I _____. I (be) there last year.’

14. ‘What he (do) next year?’ ‘After he (finish) school, he (enter) the University.’

15. ‘When you (see) Mary?’ – ‘I (see) her last week.’

16. At last I (do) all my homework: now I’ll go out.

17. They (work) hard for many hours before they are able to finish it.

18. What you (read) when I rang you up?

19. ‘You (learn) this poem?’ ‘No! I still (learn) it. I already (learn) it for two hours, but I (not yet learn) it.’

20. We could not go out because it (rain) hard since early morning.

Test 35. Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense.

1. When I entered the room, her eyes (be) red because she (cry) for a long time.

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The Fed

Greg Robb and

Jeffry Bartash

Cites strains on economy for standing pat

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WASHINGTON (MarketWatch) — The Federal Reserve on Wednesday stuck to its massive bond-buying strategy, citing softer U.S. growth in a move that stunned financial markets.

By a 9-to-1 vote, the Fed chose to keep buying $85 billion a month in debt and said it would wait for more evidence of economic progress.

The bank cited rising mortgage rates and reduced federal spending as headwinds that “could slow the pace of improvement in the economy.” Read text of FOMC statement.

In a press conference, Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke said the bank might still scale back its purchases before the end of the year, but it will depend on whether growth and the pace of hiring show greater strength.

“We could begin later this year, but even if we do that, the subsequent steps will be dependent on continued progress in the economy,” Bernanke said. “So we are tied to the data. We don’t have a fixed calendar schedule.”

Bernanke also reiterated that the Fed has no plans to raise short-term interest rates any time soon. The vast majority of bank policymakers don’t expect rates to rise until 2020 at the earliest, and even then, they probably won’t top 2% until at least three years from now.

After the Fed’s announcement, stocks SPX, +1.44% shot into positive and the S&P 500 ended the day at a record high. Gold futures climbed by $56 an ounce. The yield on the 10-year Treasury US:10_YEAR dropped by 16 basis points. Read Market Snapshot for more reaction.

The Fed’s decision to stand pat surprised many on Wall Street, who had expected a “tiny taper” in a range of $10 billion to $20 billion. The central bank has been buying huge amounts of Treasurys and mortgage-backed securities in a strategy to keep interest rates low and stoke economic growth.

Yet the main reason mortgage rates have surged is because the Fed signaled over the summer that it planned to trim bond purchases. The backup in mortgage rates underscores how tricky it will be for the bank to reduce bond purchases without cause disruptions to the broader economy.

“By delaying the Fed may be attempting to lean against long-term rates, which have risen quickly since talk of tapering heated up,” said senior economist Ryan Sweet of Moody’s Analytics.

In a statement, the central bank pointed to an elevated unemployment rate, now at 7.3%, and said government spending cuts and rising mortgage rates are “restraining economic growth” in key areas such as housing.

“Clearly the Fed has been spooked by the extent of the surge in long-term interest rates over the past couple of months and the impact that now appears to be having on the housing market,” said Paul Ashworth, chief U.S. economist at Capital Economics.

Fed officials are also worried about another budget standoff in Washington that could undermine growth. The economy has been hampered by federal spending cuts and previous budget battles have cause temporary disruptions in the U.S. economy.

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Federal Reserve Board Chairman Ben Bernanke in July

“I think that a government shutdown, and perhaps even more so a failure to raise the debt limit, could have very serious consequences for the financial markets and for the economy,” Bernanke said.

Still, the central bank’s seeming change of heart on tapering risks confusing investors and triggering more volatility in financial markets. The Fed insists the economy has improved over the past year at the same time it’s citing new risks to growth.

Although the Fed cut its U.S. growth forecast for 2020 for a third time, the bank expects the economy to accelerate in 2020 and 2020.

Unemployment could fall below 6% by and then and inflation is projected to rise no higher than 2% — well below the Fed’s 2.5% threshold. Read more about Fed’s forecast for 2020 to 2020.

Every member of the bank’s policy-making Federal Open Market Committee supported the decision except for Esther George, president of the Kansas City Fed.

Janet Yellen, seen by many as Bernanke’s successor if he steps down next year as expected, also voted to keep the current policy intact.

Bernanke declined to comment on his status. “I hope to have more information for you at some reasonably soon date,” he said.

The minutes of the latest Fed meeting will be released on October 9. The Fed will meet again on Oct. 29-30.

Disney in the age of COVID-19: For now, Disney+ may be the only plus

Perhaps no company faces a greater existential financial crisis in the age of COVID-19 than Walt Disney Co., a legendary company built on social interaction that may find its newest business offers the most immediate relief.

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